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African Biotechnology Stakeholders Forum (ABSF)

ABSF is a not-for-profit, non-political and non sectarian providing a platform for sharing, debating and understanding all issues pertaining to biotechnology in agriculture, health, industry and environment. ABSF represents all stakeholders in biotechnology in Africa currently with individual members in Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Ethiopia, South Africa, Ghana and Nigeria; small and medium sized enterprises involved in research, development, testing and commercialisation of biotechnology forums in Tanzania, Ethiopia, Uganda and Ghana.

African Crop Improvement
The website on genetic improvement of African crops. The website disseminates information on biotechnology, breeding and seed systems.

African Development Bank
The African Development Bank is the premier financial development institution of Africa, dedicated to combating poverty and improving the lives of people of the continent and engaged in the task of mobilising resources towards the economic and social progress of its Regional Member Countries. ADB´s headquarters are in Abidjan, Côte d´Ivoire.

African Highlands Initiative (AHI)
AHI is a collaborative research initiative focusing on key natural resource management and agricultural productivity issues in the highlands of East and Central Africa. Concerned National Agricultural Reseach Institutes (NARIs) and International Agricultural Research Centres wanted to improve research and development approaches and partnerships as a way to increase impact. AHI was started by ASARECA in 1995, is hosted by ICRAF, and has contributions from many research organisations.

African Union/Interafrican Bureau for Animal Resources (AU/IBAR)
AU is Africa’s premier institution and principal organisation for the promotion of accelerated socio-economic integration of the continent, which will lead to greater unity and solidarity between African countries and peoples. The headquarters is in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

African Wildlife Foundation (AWF)
AWF together with the people of Africa, works to ensure the wildlife and wild lands of Africa will endure forever.

Agropolis Fondation
Agropolis Fondation is a French scientific foundation established in 2007 to promote and support high-level research and higher education (training-through-research) as well as to broaden international research partnerships in agricultural sciences and sustainable development research. (news/information):
A comprehensive site providing news and background about African countries and issues.

Asian Development Bank
ADB is a multilateral development finance institution dedicated to reducing poverty in Asia and the Pacific. Established in 1966, the headquarters is in Manila, Philippines.

Asia-Pacific Association of Agricultural Research Institutions (APAARI)
APAARI's mission is to promote the development of NARS in the Asia-Pacific region through inter-regional and inter-institutional cooperation.

Association for Strengthening Agricultural Research in East & Central Africa (ASARECA)
ASARECA is a non-political organisation of the National Agricultural Research Institutes (NARIs) of ten countries: Burundi, D. R. Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda. It aims at increasing the efficiency of agricultural research in the region so as to facilitate economic growth, food security and export competitiveness through productive and sustainable agriculture.

Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR)
ACIAR is an Australian Government statutory authority that operates as part of Australia's development assistance program within the portfolio of Foreign Affairs and Trade. It was established in 1982 to assist and encourage Australia's agricultural scientists to use their skills for the benefit of developing countries as well as Australia.

Biosciences eastern and central Africa (BECA)
BECA is being established as part of NEPAD's continent-wide network
of centres of excellence. The goal is to support Eastern and Central African countries to develop and apply bioscience research expertise to produce technologies that help poor farmers to secure their assets, improve their productivity and income and increase their market opportunities.

BOKU – University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Austria
The 1872 founded BOKU – University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna, consists of 13 departments, 4 service centers and of experimental fields and forests around Vienna, Austria.

Bundesministerium Für Wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit Und Entwicklung (BMZ) – Federal Ministry For Economic Cooperation And Development, Germany
BMZ is responsible for the planning and implementation of the German government's development policy.

CAB International(CABI)
CAB International is a leading global not-for-profit organisation. Its purpose is the generation, dissemination and use of knowledge in the applied biosciences to enhance development, human welfare and the environment.

Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA)
CIDA supports sustainable development in developing countries in order to reduce poverty and to contribute to a more secure, equitable and prosperous world.

Care International
CARE International is one of the world's largest independent global relief and development organisations. Non-political and non-sectarian, it operates in over 72 countries in Asia, Africa, Latin America, the Middle East and Eastern Europe.CARE International's mission is to serve individuals and families in the poorest communities in the world.

Caribbean Agricultural Research and Development Institute (CARDI)
CARDI was established in 1975 to serve the agricultural research and development needs of the member states of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM). It focuses on technical assistance, technology development and technology transfer in the areas of plant pathology, virology, hematology, agronomy, soil and animal sciences.

Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR)
CIFOR is an international research and global knowledge institution committed to conserving forests and improving the livelihoods of people in the tropics. CIFOR's high impact research helps local communities and small farmers gain their rightful share of forest resources, while increasing the production and value of forest products.

Centre de Cooperation Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Developpement, France (CIRAD)
A French development-oriented agricultural research organisation serving the tropics and subtropics. The life sciences and social sciences applied to agriculture, forestry, animal production, natural resource management, agrifoods, ecosystems and communities in developing countries.

Centro International de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT)
CIAT is not-for-profit organisation that conducts socially and environmentally progressive research aimed at reducing hunger and poverty and preserving natural resources in developing countries.

CGIAR Challenge Program on Water and Food (CPWF)
The program will create research-based knowledge and methods for growing more food with less water, and develop a transparent framework for setting targets and monitoring progress.

CGIAR Collaborative Research Program for Sustainable Agricultural Production in Central Asia and the Caucasus (CAC)
CAC, convened by ICARDA, was jointly initiated by nine CGIAR Centers and the eight National Agricultural Research Systems (NARS) in September 1998. The immediate objective of the Program, based on NARS priorities, is to assist the CAC countries to achieve sustainable increases in the productivity of crop and livestock systems through the adaptation and transfer of production technologies, natural resource management and conservation strategies, by strengthening agricultural research and by fostering cooperation among the CAC countries and between them and international research organisations.

CGIAR Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture (CAWMA)
CAWMA, convened by IWMI, is an international research, capacity-building and knowledge-sharing program focused on providing solutions that will reduce poverty in developing countries. It will create a sound factual basis on water use in agriculture that will improve the quality and effectiveness of rural-development strategies and investments.

CGIAR Integrated Natural Resource Management Group (INRM)
INRM can be defined, as the responsible and broad-based management of the land, water, forest and biological resources base–including genes–needed to sustain agricultural productivity and avert degradation of potential productivity.

CGIAR Rice-Wheat Consortium for Indo-Gangetic Plains (RWC)
RWC, convened by CIMMYT, was established in 1994 as an Eco-regional Initiative of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), involving the National Agricultural Research Systems of South Asia, the International Agricultural Research Centers and Advanced Research Organisations. We strive to form a network between national and international agricultural institutions to address the issues of productivity enhancement of rice and wheat in a sustainable fashion.

CGIAR Systemwide Genetic Resources Programme (SGRP)
SGRP was created in 1994 to focus the CGIAR's response to dynamic and rapidly evolving practical and policy challenges in the realm of biodiversity. The SGRP promotes collaboration among the genetic resources activities of the 16 Centres of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR); these include Centre programmes on crop, livestock, forestry and aquatic biodiversity.

CGIAR Systemwide Information Network for Genetic Resources (SINGER)
SINGER is the genetic resources information exchange network of the International Agricultural Research Centres of the CGIAR. It provides access to information on the collections of genetic resources held by the CGIAR Centres. Together, these collections comprise over half a million samples of crop, forage and tree germplasm of major importance for food and agriculture.

CGIAR Systemwide Initiative on Malaria and Agriculture (SIMA)
SIMA brings together malaria research, agricultural research and target communities to find solutions to the malaria problem. Three specific outputs have been formulated for SIMA. These are: Expanding knowledge base, building transdisciplinary research capacity and disseminating research information.

Originally known as SIUPA, the initiative is now known as Urban Harvest.Urban Harvest – works to contribute to the food security of poor urban families, and to increase the value of agricultural production in urban and peri-urban areas, whilst ensuring the sustainable management of the urban environment.

Collection of Laws for Electronic Access (CLEA) of the World Intellectual Property Organization's (WIPO)
The Collection of Laws for Electronic Access (CLEA) database provides access to intellectual property legislation from a wide range of countries and regions as well as to treaties on intellectual property.

Common Fund for Commodities (CFC)
CFC is an autonomous intergovernmental financial institution established within the framework of the United Nations. The Common Fund for Commodities forms a partnership of 106 Member States plus the European Community (EC), the African Union (AU) and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) as institutional members.

Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA)
COMESA was established in 1984 as a strengthened successor to the Preferential Trade Area founded in 1981 for the countries in eastern and southern Africa. Recognising the potential benefits of regional trade to their economies and peoples, 20 countries now make up COMESA: Angola; Burundi; Comoros; Democratic Republic of Congo; Djibouti; Egypt; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Kenya; Madagascar; Malawi; Mauritius; Namibia; Rwanda; Seychelles; Sudan; Swaziland; Uganda; Zambia; and Zimbabwe.

Consortium for the Sustainable Development of the Andean Ecoregion (CONDESAN)
Founded in 1993 and based at CIP headquarters, the Consortium for the Sustainable Development of the Andean Ecoregion links dozens of international, national, regional, and local institutions in a wide variety of research and development projects in the Andes. Focusing mainly on natural resource management issues, but also addressing such diverse concerns as the conservation of biodiversity, economic diversification, conflict resolution, private investment, and public policy, members design and test models for sustainable integrated rural development.

Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR):
The Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research is an informal association, established in 1971, of fifty-eight public and private sector members that supports a network of sixteen international agricultural research centers around the world. The CGIAR is an excellent source of information on agricultural research for specific crops and conditions, and on food security.

Crawford Fund
The Crawford Fund’s mission is to increase Australians’ engagement in international agricultural R, D & E for the benefit of developing countries and Australia. It is a non-profit non-government organisation dedicated to raising awareness of the links between food, environment, and the world’s poor and assists in the transfer of agricultural technologies to men and women in developing countries through its State and specialist training programs.

Crop-Animal Systems Research Network (CASREN)
CASREN is one of the major collaborative projects of International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) in South East Asia. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has funded CASREN Phase I (1999-2001) and CASREN Phase II (2002-2004).The project general objective is to conduct collaborative, multidisciplinary research to generate technology and policy options to increase productivity of smallholder crop-livestock systems in South East Asia.

CropDesign is an agbiotech company that develops crops with improved traits such as higher yield, heightened tolerance to stress and better quality. The company's technology platform includes proprietary bioinformatics tools, high throughput gene engineering systems, efficient methods for plant transformation, and a unique set up for automated evaluation of crop performance. CropDesign applies its technology mainly in rice, corn and other cereals.

Danish International Development Assistance (DANIDA)
Danish development assistance takes the most urgent problems in the developing countries as its starting point and at the same time reflects the values underlying Denmark’s international behavior.

Department for International Development (DFID)
DFID is the part of the UK Government that manages Britain's aid to poor countries and works to get rid of extreme poverty.

Department for International Development Cooperation (FINNIDA)
Finland’s policy towards developing countries is a part of its foreign policy. International development cooperation is a part of the Foreign Service, and its planning, implementation and supervision is administered as an integral element of the Ministry’s relations with developing countries.

Development Gateway
The objective of the Development Gateway is to increase knowledge sharing, improving public sector transparency, enhance development effectiveness, and building local capacity to empower communities -- through services such as an online directory for information on development projects (AiDA), an electronic procurement market (dgMarket), information on major development topics (Topic Pages), and links to a growing network of country-level initiatives (Country Gateways).

Domestic Animal Diversity Information System (DAD-IS)
DAD-IS is the key communication and information tool for implementing the Global Strategy for the Management of Farm Animal Genetic Resources (AnGR). It is being developed first to assist countries and country networks, and also serves as the virtual structure for the Strategy. It will increasingly provide extensive searchable databases, tools, guidelines, a library, links and contacts.

Eastern and Central Africa Programme for Agricultural Policy Analysis (ECAPAPA)
ECAPAPA's overall goal is to promote regional economic growth through application of growth-enhancing agricultural policies and, in the process, to help build a sustainable capacity in the eastern and central Africa to utilise and contribute to agricultural policy research and analysis.

European Union (EU)
EU is a family of democratic European countries, committed to working together for peace and prosperity.

Farming in Tsetse-Controlled Areas (FITCA)
FITCA programme is an Organisation of African Unity / Inter African Bureau for Animal Resources (OAU/IBAR) Regional Project for Eastern African Countries that comprises a Regional Coordination Unit and National Projects in Kenya, Uganda, Ethiopia and Tanzania.

Fonds Français pour l’Environnement Mondial (FFEM) – (French Global Environment Facility (FGEF))
FGEF was set up in 1994 to encourage efforts to protect the global environment in developing countries and countries in transition. It is France's bilateral complement to the multilateral Global Environment Facility (GEF). It provides resources in the form of grants to investment projects with a beneficial impact in terms of the global environment.

Food and Agricultural Research Management (FARM-Africa)
FARM-Africa is an international non- governmental organisation that aims to reduce poverty through developing innovative approaches to natural resource management in Africa. Through our projects in Ethiopia, Kenya, South Africa, Tanzania and Uganda we work in partnership with marginal small-scale farmers and herders to improve the ways in which they farm their land. Working with a wide range of rural communities, we concentrate on three priority areas:

Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO)
FAO leads international efforts to defeat hunger. Serving both developed and developing countries, FAO acts as a neutral forum where all nations meet as equals to negotiate agreements and debate policy.

Ford Foundation
The Ford Foundation is a resource for innovative people and institutions worldwide. Our goals are to: Strengthen democratic values, Reduce poverty and injustice, Promote international cooperation and Advance human achievement

Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa (FARA)
FARA is an umbrella organisation bringing together and forming coalitions of major stakeholders in agricultural research and development in Africa. FARA complements the innovative activities of national, international and sub-regional research institutions to deliver more responsive and effective services to its stakeholders

Future Harvest
Future Harvest is a global initiative, incorporated in June 1998 as a charitable and educational organisation to advance debate and catalyze action for a world with less poverty, a healthier human family, and a better environment. In 2001, Future Harvest UK was established in the United Kingdom. Future Harvest was created by 16 food and environmental research centers, known as the Future Harvest Centers, located around the world. These centers are supported by 58 governments, private foundations, and international and regional organisations known as the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR)

Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ)
GTZ Deutsche GmbH is an international cooperation enterprise for sustainable development with worldwide operations.GTZ is a corporation under private law owned by the German Federal Government. It was founded in 1975, emerging from two forerunner organisations GAWI and BfE.

Global Crop Diversity Trust, established by FAO and the CGIAR
The Global Crop Diversity Trust aims to match the long term nature of conservation needs with long term secure and sustainable funding. At its centre will be an endowment that will provide a permanent source of funding for crop diversity collections around the world. The Trust will help salvage the world’s most important crop collections and guarantee their ongoing healthy and safe conservation. A further goal of the Trust is to assist the development of a rational and efficient global system of crop diversity conservation.

Global Environment Facility (GEF)
GEF, established in 1991, helps developing countries fund projects and programs that protect the global environment. GEF grants support projects related to biodiversity, climate change, international waters, land degradation, the ozone layer, and persistent organic pollutants.

Global Forum on Agricultural Research (GFAR)
GFAR is a multi-stakeholder initiative that contributes to eradicating poverty, achieving food security, and conserving and managing natural resources. It enhances national capacities to generate, adapt and transfer knowledge.

Initiative to End Hunger in Africa (IEHA)
The IEHA, implemented by USAID is a multi-year effort designed to help fulfill the Millennium Development Goal of reducing the number of hungry people in Africa in half by 2015. The initiative focuses on promoting agricultural growth and building an African-led partnership to cut hunger and poverty by investing in a smallholder-oriented agricultural growth strategy.

Institute for Genomic Research (TIGR)
Founded in 1992, The TIGR is a not-for-profit research institute whose primary research interests are in structural, functional and comparative analysis of genomes and gene products from a wide variety of organisms including viruses, eubacteria (both pathogens and non-pathogens, archaea (the so-called third domain of life), and eukaryotes (plants, animals, fungi and protists such as the malarial parasite).

Institute of Policy Analysis and Research (IPAR)
IPAR was established in 1994 as an independent, indigenous and non-partisan private organisation. It is a non-profit body whose primary goal is to pursue quality research-based public policy analysis and to generate non-partisan discussion focused on Kenya and the region.

International Center of Insect Physiology & Ecology (ICIPE)
ICIPE's mission is to help alleviate poverty, ensure food security and improve the overall health status of peoples of the tropics by developing and training in the use of tools and strategies for managing harmful and useful arthropods, while preserving the natural resource base through research and capacity building.

International Centre for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA)
Established in 1977, ICARDA is one of the 15 centers strategically located all over the world and supported by the CGIAR. With its main research station and offices based in Aleppo, Syria, ICARDA works through a network of partnerships with national, regional and international institutions, universities, non-governmental organisations and ministries in the developing world; and with advanced research institutes in industrialised countries.

International Consortium for Agricultural Systems Applications (ICASA)
ICASA's goal is to advance national and international agricultural systems research through the development and application of compatible and complimentary systems analysis tools and methodologies. This goal includes, but is not limited to, the use of crop simulation models because of their increasing importance in decision support systems tailored for use by researchers and decision makers at field, farm, watershed, regional and national scales.

International Consortium on Ticks and Tick-Borne Diseases (ICTTBD)
A project funded by the European Union, that aims "to provide a forum for a global network of specialists working on ticks and tick-borne diseases and to advocate an integrated research strategy covering the range of tick-borne pathogens that are present in a particular geographical region."

International Crop Research Institute for the Semi Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)
ICRISAT is a non-profit, apolitical, international organisation devoted to sciencebased agricultural development. We’re one of the 16 Future Harvest Centers of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR).

International Development Research Centre (IDRC)
IDRC is a Canadian public corporation that works in close collaboration with researchers from the developing world in their search for the means to build healthier, more equitable, and more prosperous societies.

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
The mission of IFPRI is to identify and analyze policies for sustainably meeting the food needs of the developing world. Research at IFPRI concentrates on economic growth and poverty alleviation in low-income countries, improvement of the well being of poor people, and sound management of the natural resource base that supports agriculture.

International Foundation for Art Research (IFAR)
IFAR is a not-for-profit educational and research organisation dedicated to integrity in the visual arts. IFAR offers impartial and authoritative information on authenticity, ownership, theft, and other artistic, legal, and ethical issues concerning art objects. IFAR serves as a bridge between the public, and the scholarly and commercial art communities.

International Foundation for Science (IFS)
IFS is an NGO providing support to developing country scientists to conduct, in a developing country, relevant and high quality research on the management, use, and conservation of biological resources and their environment. IFS believes that the interests of both science and development are best served by promoting and nurturing the research efforts of young science graduates, who are at the beginning of their research careers.

International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)
IFAD, a specialised agency of the United Nations, was established as an international financial institution in 1977 as one of the major outcomes of the 1974 World Food Conference.IFAD was created to combat hunger and rural poverty in developing countries.

International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA)
IITA was founded in 1967 with a mandate for improving food production in the humid tropics and to develop sustainable production systems. It became the first African link in the worldwide network of agricultural research centers supported by the CGIAR.

International Maize and Wheat Development Centre (Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de maize y Trigo/ (CIMMYT))
CIMMYT has a global mandate to conduct maize and wheat research to benefit developing countries. Through strong science and effective partnerships, CIMMYT creates, shares, and uses knowledge and technology to increase food security, improve the productivity and profitability of farming systems, and sustain natural resources in developing countries.

International Network for the Improvement of Banana and Plantain (INIBAP)
INIBAP's mission is to sustainably increase the productivity of banana and plantain grown on smallholdings for domestic consumption and for local and export markets.

International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI)
IPGRI is an international research institute with a mandate to advance the conservation and use of genetic diversity for the well being of present and future generations.

International Potato Center (CIP)
CIP seeks to reduce poverty and achieve food security on a sustained basis in developing countries through scientific research and related activities on potato, sweet potato, other root and tuber crops, and on the improved management of natural resources in the Andes and other mountain areas.

International Rice Research Institute (IRRI)
IRRI is an autonomous, nonprofit agricultural research and training organisation with offices in more than ten nations. The Institute’s main goal is to find sustainable ways to improve the well being of present and future generations of poor rice farmers and consumers while at the same time protecting the environment.

International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications (ISAAA)
(ISAAA) is a not-for-profit organisation that delivers the benefits of new agricultural biotechnologies to the poor in developing countries. It aims to share these powerful technologies to those who stand to benefit from them and at the same time establish an enabling environment for their safe use.

International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
The FAO Conference (through Resolution 3/2001) adopted the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, in November 2001. This legally binding Treaty covers all plant genetic resources relevant for food and agriculture. It is in harmony with the Convention on Biological Diversity.

International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
IWMI is a nonprofit scientific research organisation focusing on the sustainable use of water and land resources in agriculture and on the water needs of developing countries.
Kenya Agricultural Research Institute(KARI)
KARI is a premier national institution bringing together research programmes in food crops, horticultural and industrial crops, livestock and range management, land and water management, and socio-economics. KARI promotes sound agricultural research, technology generation and dissemination to ensure food security through improved productivity and environmental conservation

Land-Use Change, Impacts and Dynamics (LUCID)
LUCID is a network of scientists at leading national and international institutions who have been studying land use change in East Africa and its implications for land degradation, biodiversity, and climate change for many years. The LUCID network seeks to generate and provide the best available information on land-use change and natural resources to local, national and regional policy makers and to the development community, as well as to scientists concerned with global environmental change.

Leverhulme Trust
The Trust, established at the wish of William Hesketh Lever, the first Viscount Leverhulme, makes awards for the support of research and education. The Trust emphasises individuals and encompasses all subject areas.

Livestock Early Warning System (LEWS)
LEWS is an early warning system for monitoring nutrition and livestock health for food security of humans in east Africa. LEWS is a sub-project Global Livestock Collaborative Research Support Program (GL-CRSP)being implemented by Texas A&M University and funded by USAID.

Media for Environment, Science, Health and Agriculture (MESHA)
Mesha is an association of science journalists and communicators. It offers support to science reporters covering agriculture, the environment, health and development. Their aim is to encourage networking, training, meetings and workshops among science reporters and communicators in Kenya.

Millennium Development Goals (MDG), of the UN
The Millennium Development Goals, to be achieved between 1990 and 2015, include: halving extreme poverty and hunger; achieving universal primary education; promoting gender equality; reducing under-five mortality by two-thirds; reducing maternal mortality by three-quarters; reversing the spread of HIV/AIDS, malaria and TB; ensuring environmental sustainability; developing a global partnership for development, with targets for aid, trade and debt relief

Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA), of the UN
MA is an international work program designed to meet the needs of decision makers and the public for scientific information concerning the consequences of ecosystem change for human well being and options for responding to those changes. U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan launched the MA in June 2001 and it will help to meet assessment needs of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Convention to Combat Desertification, the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands, and the Convention on Migratory Species, as well as needs of other users in the private sector and civil society.

Millennium Project Hunger Task Force, of the UN
The Task Force has been tasked with developing an operational framework of action for meeting Millennium Development Goals (MDG) Target 2, "Halve between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger."

Millennium Project, of the UN
The Millennium Project recommends the best strategies for achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Over a period of three years the Millennium Project will work to devise a recommended plan of implementation that will allow all developing countries to meet the MDGs and thereby substantially improve the human condition by 2015. While this is a bold ambition, it is both necessary and achievable.

New Partnerships for Africa's Development (NEPAD)
NEPAD is a vision and strategic framework for Africa’s renewal. NEPAD is designed to address the current challenges facing the African continent. Issues such as the escalating poverty levels, underdevelopment and the continued marginalisation of Africa needed a new radical intervention, spearheaded by African leaders, to develop a new Vision that would guarantee Africa’s Renewal.

Pan-African Programme for the Control of Epizootics (PACE)
The PACE is a programme funded mainly by the European Commission (EC) that aims at strengthening and establishing sustainable animal disease surveillance in sub-Saharan Africa. The programme, covering 32 sub-Saharan countries, is co-ordinated through the African Union/Inter-African Bureau for Animal Resources (AU/IBAR).

Promoting Local Innovation (PROLINNOVA)
PROLINNOVA is an NGO-led initiative to build a global learning network on promoting local innovation in ecologically-oriented agriculture and natural resource management (EA/NRM). The focus is on recognising the dynamics of indigenous knowledge and learning how to strengthen the capacities of family farmers to adjust to changing conditions: to develop and adapt their own site-appropriate systems and institutions of resource management in order to gain food security, sustain their livelihoods and safeguard the environment.

Public Understanding of Biotechnology (PUB)
A programme on the PUB has been launched by the South African Agency for Science and Technology Advancement (SAASTA) in early 2003. The overall aim of the PUB programme is to promote a clear understanding of the potential of biotechnology and to ensure broad public awareness, dialogue and debate on its current and potential future applications, including Genetic Modification (GM).

Regional Fund for Agricultural Technology (FONTAGRO)
FONTAGRO is a consortium to promote strategic agricultural research of relevance for the Latin American and Caribbean Region, with direct participation of the countries of the region in priority setting and funding of research projects.

Rockefeller Foundation
The Rockefeller Foundation is a knowledge-based global foundation with a commitment to enrich and sustain the lives and livelihoods of poor and excluded people throughout the world.

Global Information Services for Seed Professionals

Southern African Development Community (SADC):
The SADC is an organisation of 14 African countries formed to promote economic development and self-reliance through cooperative efforts. It is located in Botswana.

Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA)
SIDA is a government agency that reports to the Ministry for Foreign Affairs. SIDA is responsible for most of Sweden’s contributions to international development cooperation. The goal of SIDAs work is to improve the standard of living of poor people and, in the long term, to eradicate poverty. Sida is also responsible for cooperation with countries in Central and Eastern Europe.

Swiss Centre for International Agriculture (ZIL)
ZIL is an association based at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich established in 1993. ZIL's mission is to initiate, support, and coordinate collaborative research by its members and partners that will enable resource-poor farmers in low-income countries to achieve sustainable improvements of their livelihoods.

SYNGENTA is a world-leading agribusiness committed to sustainable agriculture through innovative research and technology. The company is a leader in crop protection, and ranks third in the high-value commercial seeds market.

Syngenta Foundation for Sustainable Agriculture
The Syngenta Foundation for Sustainable Agriculture aims to increase opportunities and choice for poor rural communities in semi-arid areas to improve their livelihoods through sustainable innovation in agriculture.

Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation ACP-EU (CTA)

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
This is one of the best sources of information about agricultural and food security issues. IFPRI is now associated with the CGIAR agricultural research system.

Meridian Institute's Food Security and Ag-Biotech News
The Food Security and Ag-Biotech News provides summaries of the most pertinent news stories, journal articles, and reports on biotechnology, biosafety, agricultural research and development, intellectual property rights, technology transfer, liability and redress, genetic resources, trade, and economic development.

United Kingdom Department for International Development (DFID)
This is the lead department of the UK government efforts to provide assistance to developing countries.

United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (UNCBD)
At UNCED, the UN Convention on Biological Diversity was signed by 154 member countries. The main objectives of the convention were to conserve biological species, genetic resources, habitats and ecosystems; to ensure the sustainable use of biological materials; and to guarantee the fair and equitable sharing of benefits derived from genetic resources.

United Nations Convention To Combat Desertification (UNCCD)
UNCCD is presented as a carrying pillar in the global combat against land degradation and food insecurity.

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
UNDP is the UN's global development network, advocating for change and connecting countries to knowledge, experience and resources to help people build a better life.We are on the ground in 166 countries, working with them on their own solutions to global and national development challenges. As they develop local capacity, they draw on the people of UNDP and our wide range of partners.

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
UNEP started working with forward-looking organisations in the financial services sector at the beginning of the decade. Since its creation in 1972, UNEP had always had a mandate to encourage economic growth compatible with protection of the environment. But this element of UNEP’s role was considerably enhanced by the Earth Summit of world leaders who met in Rio in 1992 and placed great emphasis on promoting development that did not compromise the quality of life of future generations.

United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO)
The FAO is involved in programs that encourage food security in developing nations. It also works with other agencies and governments to provide emergency food aid to distressed countries. FAO site contains a broad range of studies and other information about agriculture and food security issues.

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate change (UNFCCC)
UNFCCC is an international environmental treaty aimed at reducing emissions of greenhouse gas, pursuant to its supporters' belief in the global warming hypothesis. The treaty as originally framed set no mandatory limits on greenhouse gas emissions for individual nations and contained no enforcement provisions; it is therefore considered legally non-binding. Rather, the treaty included provisions for updates (called "protocols") that would set mandatory emission limits.

United Nations Habitat
The United Nations Human Settlements Programme, UN-HABITAT, is the United Nations agency for human settlements. It is mandated by the UN General Assembly to promote socially and environmentally sustainable towns and cities with the goal of providing adequate shelter for all.

United nations Non-Governmental Liaison Service: Links and Listservs
The Links and Listservs section of the website serves as a gateway to other sources of information on the Millennium Development Goals. This gateway has two main components: listservs and links.

United Nations Scientific, Educational and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO)
UNESCO fosters peace, common welfare and harmony between peoples by multiplying and reinforcing educational, scientific and cultural relations, pursuing two closely linked objectives: development which, beyond the simple demands of material progress, must also respond to a full range of human aspirations without jeopardising the heritage of future generations; and establishment of a Culture of Peace, based on education for responsible citizenship and full participation in democratic processes.

United States Agency For International Development (USAID)
USAID has been the principal U.S. agency to extend assistance to countries recovering from disaster, trying to escape poverty, and engaging in democratic reforms.

United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
This is the principle agency of the UDS Government providing financial aid and assistance to developing countries.

United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)
USDA remains committed to helping America's farmers and ranchers. USDA helps ensure open markets for U.S. agricultural products and provides food aid to needy people overseas.

United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
The mission of the EPA is to protect human health and the environment. Since 1970, EPA has been working for a cleaner, healthier environment for the American people.

Virtual Academy for the Semi-Arid Tropics (VASAT)
The coalition aims to mobilise communities and intermediaries of the dry tropics by sharing information, knowledge and skills related to climate literacy, drought preparedness, and best practices in dryland agriculture and other relevant issues. We do this through the innovative interface of ICTs and distance learning.

Wellcome Trust
Wellcome Trust is an independent research-funding charity that aims to improve human and animal health. it supports 'blue skies' research and applied clinical research. It also encourages the exploitation of research findings for medical benefit.

West Africa Rice Development Association (WARDA)
WARDA is an autonomous intergovernmental research association of African member states. WARDA is also one of the 15 international agricultural research Centers supported by the CGIAR. WARDA’s mission is to contribute to poverty alleviation and food security in Africa, through research, development and partnership activities aimed at increasing the productivity and profitability of the rice sector in ways that ensure the sustainability of the farming environment.

Winrock International
Winrock International is a nonprofit organisation that works with people around the world to increase economic opportunity, sustain natural resources, and protect the environment.Winrock matches innovative approaches in agriculture, natural resources management, clean energy, and leadership development with the unique needs of its partners.

World Agricultural Information Centre Portal (FAO WAICENT)
FAO established the World Agricultural Information Centre (WAICENT) as a corporate framework for agricultural information management and dissemination. This is a strategic effort to fight hunger with information.The WAICENT framework integrates and harmonises standards, tools and procedures for the efficient and effective management and dissemination of high-quality technical information, including relevant and reliable statistics, texts, maps, and multimedia resources.

World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF)
Our mission is to contribute to food security and poverty eradication through research promoting sustainable agricultural development based on the environmentally sound management of natural resources. This mission will be achieved through research leadership, partnership, capacity building and policy dialogue.

World Bank
The World Bank Group’s mission is to fight poverty and improve the living standards of people in the developing world. It is a development Bank which provides loans, policy advice, technical assistance and knowledge sharing services to low and middle income countries to reduce poverty.

World Health Organization (WHO)
The World Health Organization is the United Nations specialised agency for health. It was established on 7 April 1948. WHO's objective, as set out in its Constitution, is the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health. Health is defined in WHO's Constitution as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.

World Intellectual Property Organization's (WIPO) Collection of Laws for Electronic Access (CLEA)
The Collection of Laws for Electronic Access (CLEA) database provides access to intellectual property legislation from a wide range of countries and regions as well as to treaties on intellectual property.

World Organization for Agriculture (WOAgri)
World Organization for Agriculture is a French initiative that brings together agricultural professional bodies and various figures from outside agricultural : NGO representatives, members of government institutions, scientists, experts, politicians, company executives – with the objective of creating a different world agriculture, both innovative and warrant of the preservation of cultural traditions.

World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD)
UN convened a WSSD in Johannesburg, South Africa in September 2002. The Summit offers a major opportunity to develop understanding of issues, and have a mature debate on practical ways to achieve progress. The issues are: Poor countries require access to resources, technology, markets to develop and good governance systems. Rich countries will need to show real commitment to changing unsustainable patterns of consumption and production and moving towards far greater efficiency in resource use. Civil society and private sector action is central to these needs, and means to integrate it, into what was once a government-heavy agenda, are sorely needed.

World Trade Organisation (WTO)
WTO is the only global international organisation dealing with the rules of trade between nations. At its heart are the WTO agreements, negotiated and signed by the bulk of the world’s trading nations and ratified in their parliaments. The goal is to help producers of goods and services, exporters, and importers conduct their business.

WorldFish Center (ICLARM)
The WorldFish Center is an autonomous, nonprofit organisation, and was established as an international center in 1977. In 1992, the WorldFish Center became a research center of the CGIAR. It is a unique international research center involved in research on fisheries and other living aquatic resources.


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